High Blood Pressure

An estimated 1.28 billion adults aged 30–79 years worldwide have hypertension. Side Health™ is here to provide you with information on its definition, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a condition that can increase your chances of having kidney problems, heart attack, or stroke. It is usually given as a set of two numbers, for example “130 over 80.” These numbers indicate the pressure in your arteries which carry blood away from the heart to other areas of your body.

The top number (systolic) tells us the pressure of blood against your arteries when the heart contracts (beats), and the bottom number (diastolic) tells us the pressure of the blood against your arteries when your heart is at rest. These numbers help to determine whether you have normal, elevated, or high blood pressure.

High blood pressure

Risk Factors

Older Age

Family history of high blood pressure

Obesity and being overweight

High sodium diet



High blood pressure is classified in two types



This is the most common cause of hypertension. It is not related to another medical condition and develops slowly over the years.



Hypertension caused by other conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea, thyroid or kidney problems, or medications is called secondary hypertension. This condition often appears suddenly and usually causes a higher rise in blood pressure compared to primary. 


High blood pressure usually shows no symptoms even if your blood pressure reaches dangerous levels.

You may experience shortness of breath, headaches, and nosebleeds, but this usually occurs when your condition becomes severe or life-threatening.


Elevated blood pressure readings are often discovered during routine screenings. It is recommended that adults ages 40 and above get at least one blood pressure reading every year and those 18-40 years old get a reading every 2 years.

Hypertension is usually diagnosed after two or more readings within a certain range and should be measured in both arms.

Your doctor will ask you questions about your medical history, perform a physical exam, and provide instruction on how to properly measure your blood pressure at home.



The first thing your doctor will likely recommend is a change in your lifestyle.

Healthy changes usually include:

Eating heart-healthy meals with less salt

Exercising regularly

Maintaining a healthy weight

Not drinking alcohol

Remote Patient Monitoring

It may be recommended to start medication to control your blood pressure if lifestyle measures are not enough by themselves.  

Remote patient monitoring allows your doctor to monitor your blood pressure readings in real-time. Review of your readings will determine whether you are on the correct treatment plan and identify any adjustments that may need to be made.

Our office can determine whether you medically qualify for a device and help ensure you stay healthy for years to come. Contact us today to get treatment and learn more about these devices!